Antique Cologne (part 4)
In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the…

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Antique Cologne (part 3)
But the height of perfection is the glass produced in Cologne. It is impossible to pass by glass vessels with handles in the form of the Greek letter "omega", depicting…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 1)
In the art of Ancient Egypt there are monuments that make up a special group. These are works of graphic art - drawings on brackons. The Greek word "ostrakon" literally…

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graphic creations

Chinese classical painting (part 1)

The painting of China, which flourished in the Middle Ages – the 4th – 19th centuries AD – did not accidentally take a place of honor in world art history. In this area of ​​artistic culture, Chinese masters managed to leave a particularly vivid mark. With extraordinary persuasion, they embodied the beauty of nature, the idea of ​​harmony and greatness of the universe. They invested not only personal moods in scroll paintings, but also wisdom that was clear to future generations. Continue reading

Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 2)

The very name of the fraternity seemed to imply recognition of the art of Raphael’s predecessors and a denial of himself. But this is not so. The picturesque achievements of the great master were reduced by followers to the finished recipe. Rafael was involuntarily responsible for the work of later imitators, whose “high style” was distinguished by his mannerism and lack of life truth.

The Pre-Raphaelite movement began with little: the friendship of several young people, united by a desire to break out of the stuffy atmosphere of the wretched philistine art of the time of Queen Victoria and the rule of prosperous capitalists. Continue reading

How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 2)
Here is a quote from a book by Giovio, an Italian historian of the 16th century. He describes the teaching method of Leonardo da Vinci, which gives us an idea…

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18th century Venetian landscape painters (part 2)
Giovanni Antonio Canaletto (1697–1768), who managed to combine documentary precision with a subtle sense of nature, became the true master of the Vedut. He began to work as a painter…

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Olympia - the sanctuary of Hellas (part 3)
The sculptor shows the moment before the start of the competition. Heroes are presented before the main events unfold. In each image, the outcome of this drama is read. Researchers…

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Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 4)
A storm broke out in 1850, partly due to Rossetti's tactlessness. All members of the fraternity had to sacredly keep the secrets of the initials of “PRB” sacred, and so…

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