Coroplasts from Tanagra (part 2)
In St. Petersburg, they became interested in the offer. Different motives led the parties to the transaction. The Minister of the Court, Count I.I. Vorontsov-Dashkov, was preoccupied with external prestige…

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Antique Cologne (part 1)
Cologne ... Many have heard of this German city on the Rhine, a major center of medieval European culture. Well-known Cologne Cathedral - an unsurpassed monument of Gothic architecture. His…

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Antique Cologne (part 1)
Cologne ... Many have heard of this German city on the Rhine, a major center of medieval European culture. Well-known Cologne Cathedral - an unsurpassed monument of Gothic architecture. His…

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aesthetic problems

How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 1)

Verrocchio, Mantegna, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo. The greatest geniuses. What a vivid personality and how much they differ from each other! What unites the unsurpassed masters of that time, which bears the name of the Renaissance? Not only new in comparison with the Middle Ages – interest in antiquity, a different theme and spiritual richness of works. At the heart of everyone’s creativity is a new professional method of teaching fine art in workshops. Continue reading

Egyptian ostracons (part 4)

Ostracons constitute a significant, but little-known layer of Egyptian art. They can be divided into several categories: drawings, sketches, compositions for wall paintings and reliefs, fluent full-scale sketches, in which the masters made sketches of vivid postures, facial expressions, gestures, drawings, models, which served as a kind of visual aids.

Leading masters were fluent in the technique of carving and painting, and each of them was an excellent draftsman. Continue reading

Barbizon School of Painting (part 5)

The views of the Barbizonians are many contradictory. Striving for a truthful depiction of nature, they, paradoxically, were negative towards realism, considering it too prosaic, aimed at creating “copies”, and not genuine art. G. Courbet was neglected, believing that his paintings “place in the kitchen.” The Barbizonians did not like the social orientation, which was strong with the master from Ornan. It came from their ideas about life, art. Fearing modern civilization, artists were extremely conservative politically. Continue reading

Antique Cologne (part 2)
In its best days, ancient Cologne was a big city: 20-25 thousand people lived in it. One can imagine how fast this Roman city on the Rhine grew, how temples,…

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Syrian landscapes (part 2)
A reflection of this approach was the work of Mamduh Kashlan. In “Local Street”, he depicts a typical street in the old district of the city with picturesque neighborhoods and…

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Antique Cologne (part 4)
In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the…

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Venice School of Painting (part 2)
Venetians more than the masters of other Italian schools appreciated the capabilities of this technique and completely transformed it. For example, the attitude of Dutch artists to the world was…

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