Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 3)
The first works with the mysterious monogram "PRB" appeared at exhibitions only in 1849. These were Lorenzo and Isabella by Milles, The Virginity of Mary by Rossetti, and Rienzi Hunt.…

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Antique Cologne (part 4)
In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the…

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Barbizon School of Painting (part 6)
The Russian critic V.V. Stasov appreciated the Barbizonians because “they did not decorate or sweeten, but conveyed the true forms of nature, the nature of Russian, French, and at the…

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Monthly Archives: October 2018

Syrian landscapes (part 1)

Most of the landscape compositions of Syrian artists are dedicated to the old Damascus and the village of Maalulya, located in a picturesque mountainous area near Damascus. It has become a source of inspiration and a place of pilgrimage for Syrian landscape painters. The multi-tiered architecture of rural houses that cling to the slopes of the mountains and are picturesquely piled above each other, romantic landscapes of the surroundings, a fertile valley spread out below, as it were, embody the Syrian’s ideal dream of the beauty of the earth. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 4)

In the building of the workshop there were altars. The disciples of Phidias received the nickname of the cleaners, as they were entrusted with the honorable duty of cleaning the statue of Zeus from the settling mud. It is instructive that before starting this work, they sacrificed to Ergan, the goddess of labor. A statue of the goddess of victory, made by the sculptor Paeonius, was later installed on the pedestal on the eastern facade of the temple. It does not have the swiftness that is characteristic of Nika of Samothrace. The master portrayed her as if floating in the air. The goddess personifies confidence in victory, her triumph. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 3)

The sculptor shows the moment before the start of the competition. Heroes are presented before the main events unfold. In each image, the outcome of this drama is read. Researchers of ancient art, analyzing the ideological and artistic concept of the sculptural pediment, emphasize the depth with which the tragedy of the vanquished is revealed in it. Enomai is doomed to die for his wrong, and such a death is considered fair. The eastern pediment of the temple is often called the “Aeschylus tragedy embodied in stone”, emphasizing the purifying meaning of the impact of ancient tragedy – the punishment of evil, the affirmation of justice, humanity. Continue reading

How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 2)
Here is a quote from a book by Giovio, an Italian historian of the 16th century. He describes the teaching method of Leonardo da Vinci, which gives us an idea…

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Chinese classical painting (part 2)
Household painting originated in China long before the advent of other genres. She illustrated legends and short stories, was eloquent, narrative. Where human emotions and poetic moods were touched, the…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 2)
A true masterpiece is the ostracone with the image of acrobatic dance. In a rapid movement, a flexible acrobat leaned back sharply. The moving grace of the figure is emphasized…

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How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 1)
Verrocchio, Mantegna, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo. The greatest geniuses. What a vivid personality and how much they differ from each other! What unites the unsurpassed masters of that time, which…

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