Antique Cologne (part 4)
In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the deceased. On one of the best reliefs of this type, the tombstones of veteran Julius Materna and his wife, a scene of the “grave meal”, traditional for antiquity, is presented. Julius Matern himself is lying on the bed at the banquet table, next to him is his wife, his beloved dog, there are minions on each side. The usual scene is depicted, but with local color – just look at the bed with a high back, on which the deceased reclines.
Such monuments open the curtain on the notion of death among the townspeople of the ancient colony. They were like Greece and Rome. This is evident from the very custom of setting tombstones.
So, in ancient Germany, in the Rhine region, there was a hotbed of ancient culture. Having become acquainted with the history of ancient Cologne, we better understand his further fate. It is interesting that the Roman-German Museum, one of the youngest archaeological museums in Europe (opened in 1974), is located on the site of an ancient building with magnificent mosaics, which depicts the god of wine Dionysus. It is excavated on the south side of Cologne Cathedral, next to its choirs from the 13th – 14th centuries. Thus, antiquity and modernity intertwined intricately.