Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 6)
The fate of this talented - and still underrated artist - has been difficult. He was a little older than the Pre-Raphaelites, but by the time he became friends with…

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Turkmen folk costume (part 2)
Apparently, the patterns covering the collar, sleeves and hem of the dressing gowns and shirts are also associated with these ideas. For certain areas and tribal groups, special ornaments and…

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18th century Venetian landscape painters (part 2)
Giovanni Antonio Canaletto (1697–1768), who managed to combine documentary precision with a subtle sense of nature, became the true master of the Vedut. He began to work as a painter…

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Antique Cologne (part 4)

In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the deceased. On one of the best reliefs of this type, the tombstones of veteran Julius Materna and his wife, a scene of the “grave meal”, traditional for antiquity, is presented. Julius Matern himself is lying on the bed at the banquet table, next to him is his wife, his beloved dog, there are minions on each side. The usual scene is depicted, but with local color – just look at the bed with a high back, on which the deceased reclines.

Such monuments open the curtain on the notion of death among the townspeople of the ancient colony. They were like Greece and Rome. This is evident from the very custom of setting tombstones.

So, in ancient Germany, in the Rhine region, there was a hotbed of ancient culture. Having become acquainted with the history of ancient Cologne, we better understand his further fate. It is interesting that the Roman-German Museum, one of the youngest archaeological museums in Europe (opened in 1974), is located on the site of an ancient building with magnificent mosaics, which depicts the god of wine Dionysus. It is excavated on the south side of Cologne Cathedral, next to its choirs from the 13th – 14th centuries. Thus, antiquity and modernity intertwined intricately.

Mexican painting of the first half of the XX century (part 3)
The workshop absorbed the wonderful traditions of Mexican art, became a phenomenon of world graphics of the XX century. The masters of this association developed the progressive traditions of other…

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18th century Venetian landscape painters (part 1)
By the beginning of the XVIII century, the once powerful Venice had lost the significance of the political center of the Mediterranean, turning into a kind of pilgrimage center. Rich…

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Indian art products
The creation of artistically designed household items is one of the oldest forms of art in India. Its effect is powerful, because it brings a huge aesthetic joy to a…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 4)
Ostracons constitute a significant, but little-known layer of Egyptian art. They can be divided into several categories: drawings, sketches, compositions for wall paintings and reliefs, fluent full-scale sketches, in which…

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