18th century Venetian landscape painters (part 1)
By the beginning of the XVIII century, the once powerful Venice had lost the significance of the political center of the Mediterranean, turning into a kind of pilgrimage center. Rich…

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Olympia - the sanctuary of Hellas (part 2)
The ancient Greeks erected the origin of the Olympic Games to mythological times, the honor of their approval was attributed to both Zeus himself and Heracles. But these are just…

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Chinese classical painting (part 3)
The landscape born of the artist’s imagination was always filled with the breath of life. The long scroll “Autumn in the Valley of the Yellow River”, performed in the XI…

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Antique Cologne (part 4)

In Cologne, stone tombs of Roman legionnaires were also found. There were quarries designed specifically for their manufacture. The setting of tombstones was a sign of the welfare of the deceased. On one of the best reliefs of this type, the tombstones of veteran Julius Materna and his wife, a scene of the “grave meal”, traditional for antiquity, is presented. Julius Matern himself is lying on the bed at the banquet table, next to him is his wife, his beloved dog, there are minions on each side. The usual scene is depicted, but with local color – just look at the bed with a high back, on which the deceased reclines.

Such monuments open the curtain on the notion of death among the townspeople of the ancient colony. They were like Greece and Rome. This is evident from the very custom of setting tombstones.

So, in ancient Germany, in the Rhine region, there was a hotbed of ancient culture. Having become acquainted with the history of ancient Cologne, we better understand his further fate. It is interesting that the Roman-German Museum, one of the youngest archaeological museums in Europe (opened in 1974), is located on the site of an ancient building with magnificent mosaics, which depicts the god of wine Dionysus. It is excavated on the south side of Cologne Cathedral, next to its choirs from the 13th – 14th centuries. Thus, antiquity and modernity intertwined intricately.

Coroplasts from Tanagra (part 1)
The Greek words "tanagra", "tanagryanka" entered the Russian language about a hundred years ago. They are used today to denote everything fragile, feminine and plastic. The artist V. Serov invented…

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Venice School of Painting (part 2)
Venetians more than the masters of other Italian schools appreciated the capabilities of this technique and completely transformed it. For example, the attitude of Dutch artists to the world was…

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Olympia - the sanctuary of Hellas (part 1)
A lot of miracles can be seen in Hellas, a lot of miracles can be heard here, but there is nothing of God's protection over anything like the Eleusinian Mysteries…

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Coroplasts from Tanagra (part 3)
The movements of the Tanagryanoks are beautiful and measured, their gestures are restrained, and the expression on their faces is noble. Here is a woman, raising her raincoat, wants to…

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