Venice School of Painting (part 3)
Carpaccio is related by poetic mood to the greatest of the Venetian painters of the 15th century – Giovanni Bellini, the youngest son of Jacopo. But his artistic interests lay in a slightly different sphere. The masters were not carried away by the detailed narrative, genre motives, although he had a lot of work in the genre of historical painting, beloved by the Venetians. These paintings, with the exception of one written by him along with his brother Gentile, did not reach us. But all the charm and poetic depth of his talent revealed in compositions of a different kind. They have no action, no unfolded event. These are monumental altars depicting the Madonna on the throne surrounded by saints (the so-called “Holy Interviews”), or small paintings in which, against the backdrop of a quiet, clear nature, we see the madonna and child, immersed in thought, or other characters of religious legends. In these laconic, simple compositions there is a happy fullness of life, lyrical concentration. The illustrative language of the artist is characterized by majestic generalization and harmonious ordering. Giovanni Bellini is far ahead of the masters of his generation, affirming the principles of artistic synthesis in Venetian art.
Having lived to a very old age, for many years he led the artistic life of Venice, holding the position of official painter. The great Venetians Giorgione and Titian emerged from Bellini’s workshop, whose names are associated with the most brilliant era in the history of the Venetian school.
Giorgione da Castelfranco lived a short life. He died thirty-three years during one of the then frequent plague epidemics. His legacy is small in volume: some of Gorzione’s paintings, which remained incomplete, were completed by a younger comrade and workshop assistant Titian. However, the few paintings by Giorgione were to be a revelation to contemporaries. This is the first artist in Italy, whose secular themes decisively prevailed over the religious, determined the whole system of creativity.
He created a new, deeply poetic image of the world, unusual for Italian art of that time with its attraction to grandiose grandeur, monumentality, heroic intonations. In the paintings of Giorgione we see the world idyllically beautiful and simple, full of brooding silence.