Coroplasts from Tanagra (part 1)
The Greek words "tanagra", "tanagryanka" entered the Russian language about a hundred years ago. They are used today to denote everything fragile, feminine and plastic. The artist V. Serov invented…

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Barbizon School of Painting (part 3)
The heirs of the Enlightenment, they, like J.-J. Rousseau, saw in nature a moral principle and contrasted the village with "modern Babylon" - Paris. Rousseau and Dupre believed that nature…

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Chinese classical painting (part 2)
Household painting originated in China long before the advent of other genres. She illustrated legends and short stories, was eloquent, narrative. Where human emotions and poetic moods were touched, the…

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Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 2)

The ancient Greeks erected the origin of the Olympic Games to mythological times, the honor of their approval was attributed to both Zeus himself and Heracles. But these are just myths. Today we know that the Olympics could arise in that era when the ideal of a free personality was formed, in which the beauty of the body was combined with moral greatness, that ideal of a person who combined the strength of an athlete, the courage of a warrior and the courage of a citizen.

The holding of the ancient Olympic Games is considered to be from 776 BC. e., when they began to record the names of athletes-winners. This year formed the basis of the Greek chronology. Now Olympia is growing immeasurably as a pan-Greek sanctuary. Once every four years, athletes from all regions and colonies of Greece flocked here to measure their strength and courage. For three months, a sacred ceasefire was declared, under pain of the curse and disgrace of the gods, no one could appear here with weapons. Using modern terminology, we can say that Olympia became the center of peaceful coexistence of various Greek tribes.

All this could not but affect the artistic monuments. In the V century BC e. the sanctuary takes on a complete classic look. In the center of the sacred grove – Altis – magnificent temples rise, treasures with the gifts of the largest Greek cities, numerous marble and bronze statues of athletes-winners. The most magnificent was the temple of Olympian Zeus, built by architect Libon in the 5th century BC. e. The architecture of the temple, its sculptural decorations serve as the best example of ancient early classics. It was created after the outstanding victories of the Greeks in the long war with the Persians, and the heroic spirit of the victorious people clearly affected the art of this period. The Temple of Olympian Zeus with particular artistic power expresses heroic aspirations.

The building itself was not preserved, the wonderful sculptural decorations of the pediments survived, although in a very damaged form. The names of their creators remained unknown. In their art, masters turned to mythological subjects, but were able to express in them ideas that were consonant with modern times. The main eastern pediment depicts the myth of the competition between Pelops and Enomai. The king of the Arcade Pisa Enomai received a prediction that he would be killed by his son-in-law. Therefore, he tried to get rid of all the grooms of the daughter of Hippodamia, forcing them to compete with themselves in chariot races. Enomai himself had invincible horses – a gift from his father, the god Ares. Skipping forward the opponent, Enomai then easily caught up with him and hit him with a spear in the back. So he killed 12 or 13 grooms of Hippodamia, until the Pelops clasped her. He resorted to tricks – he persuaded the driver of Mitril to replace the metal pin in the wax chariot, and Enomai crashed.

Mexican painting of the first half of the XX century (part 3)
The workshop absorbed the wonderful traditions of Mexican art, became a phenomenon of world graphics of the XX century. The masters of this association developed the progressive traditions of other…

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How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 2)
Here is a quote from a book by Giovio, an Italian historian of the 16th century. He describes the teaching method of Leonardo da Vinci, which gives us an idea…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 4)
Ostracons constitute a significant, but little-known layer of Egyptian art. They can be divided into several categories: drawings, sketches, compositions for wall paintings and reliefs, fluent full-scale sketches, in which…

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Venice School of Painting (part 2)
Venetians more than the masters of other Italian schools appreciated the capabilities of this technique and completely transformed it. For example, the attitude of Dutch artists to the world was…

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