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Ordinary magic glass (part 2)
The art of the Venetian masters aroused delight and imitation. Legends were made about him. Their works were so amazing that they were considered magical: they seemed to save from…

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Coroplasts from Tanagra (part 1)
The Greek words "tanagra", "tanagryanka" entered the Russian language about a hundred years ago. They are used today to denote everything fragile, feminine and plastic. The artist V. Serov invented…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 3)
Ostracons often go beyond traditional motives. Among them there are drawings of a parody and satirical character. A number of plots, in which parallels to fables are guessed, are almost…

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Syrian landscapes (part 1)

Most of the landscape compositions of Syrian artists are dedicated to the old Damascus and the village of Maalulya, located in a picturesque mountainous area near Damascus. It has become a source of inspiration and a place of pilgrimage for Syrian landscape painters. The multi-tiered architecture of rural houses that cling to the slopes of the mountains and are picturesquely piled above each other, romantic landscapes of the surroundings, a fertile valley spread out below, as it were, embody the Syrian’s ideal dream of the beauty of the earth. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 4)

In the building of the workshop there were altars. The disciples of Phidias received the nickname of the cleaners, as they were entrusted with the honorable duty of cleaning the statue of Zeus from the settling mud. It is instructive that before starting this work, they sacrificed to Ergan, the goddess of labor. A statue of the goddess of victory, made by the sculptor Paeonius, was later installed on the pedestal on the eastern facade of the temple. It does not have the swiftness that is characteristic of Nika of Samothrace. The master portrayed her as if floating in the air. The goddess personifies confidence in victory, her triumph. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 3)

The sculptor shows the moment before the start of the competition. Heroes are presented before the main events unfold. In each image, the outcome of this drama is read. Researchers of ancient art, analyzing the ideological and artistic concept of the sculptural pediment, emphasize the depth with which the tragedy of the vanquished is revealed in it. Enomai is doomed to die for his wrong, and such a death is considered fair. The eastern pediment of the temple is often called the “Aeschylus tragedy embodied in stone”, emphasizing the purifying meaning of the impact of ancient tragedy – the punishment of evil, the affirmation of justice, humanity. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 2)

The ancient Greeks erected the origin of the Olympic Games to mythological times, the honor of their approval was attributed to both Zeus himself and Heracles. But these are just myths. Today we know that the Olympics could arise in that era when the ideal of a free personality was formed, in which the beauty of the body was combined with moral greatness, that ideal of a person who combined the strength of an athlete, the courage of a warrior and the courage of a citizen. Continue reading

Olympia – the sanctuary of Hellas (part 1)

A lot of miracles can be seen in Hellas, a lot of miracles can be heard here, but there is nothing of God’s protection over anything like the Eleusinian Mysteries and the Olympic competitions. ” So considered the historian and traveler Pausanias, who in the II century carefully studied the monuments of Ancient Greece and left the famous book “Description of Hellas”. And although eighteen centuries have passed since that time, pagan gods have long been rejected, but even today, a man stepping on the land of Olympia experiences a sense of reverence – akin to that which encompassed the ancient Greeks near the sanctuary of their main gods. Continue reading

Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 1)
For a correct understanding of the movement of the Pre-Raphaelites, it is necessary to identify the difference between its individual stages, stretching over several decades. It should be noted that…

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Antique Cologne (part 1)
Cologne ... Many have heard of this German city on the Rhine, a major center of medieval European culture. Well-known Cologne Cathedral - an unsurpassed monument of Gothic architecture. His…

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Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 2)
The very name of the fraternity seemed to imply recognition of the art of Raphael's predecessors and a denial of himself. But this is not so. The picturesque achievements of…

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Antique Cologne (part 3)
But the height of perfection is the glass produced in Cologne. It is impossible to pass by glass vessels with handles in the form of the Greek letter "omega", depicting…

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