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Egyptian ostracons (part 1)
In the art of Ancient Egypt there are monuments that make up a special group. These are works of graphic art - drawings on brackons. The Greek word "ostrakon" literally…

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Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 6)
The fate of this talented - and still underrated artist - has been difficult. He was a little older than the Pre-Raphaelites, but by the time he became friends with…

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Syrian landscapes (part 2)
A reflection of this approach was the work of Mamduh Kashlan. In “Local Street”, he depicts a typical street in the old district of the city with picturesque neighborhoods and…

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Barbizon School of Painting (part 2)

They were T. Russo, D. de la Peña, J. Dupree, F. Millet. It was they who most often could be found here with a notebook and an easel, which, incidentally, was conveyed by K. Corot in the 1833 drawing “Artist in the Fontainebleau Forest”. In addition to them, G. Courbet, the sculptor A. Bari, visited Barbizon, capturing, like many barbizons, the views of the surrounding forests. Continue reading

Barbizon School of Painting (part 1)

Far from the noise of the capital, French painters of the last century took a fancy to the area around the royal residence of Fontainebleau, which, since the time of Francis I, has attracted the lands of noble hunters. As early as the 18th century, J.-B. Audrey wrote pompous royal hunting scenes. After the turbulent events of the Great French Revolution and the fall of Napoleon I, when the time of festivities was a thing of the past, landscape painters frequented here. Continue reading

Antique Cologne (part 3)

But the height of perfection is the glass produced in Cologne. It is impossible to pass by glass vessels with handles in the form of the Greek letter “omega”, depicting the figure of Mars. Especially striking are the bowls-diatretes. These are the most elegant and delicate products of antique glassblowers. “Diatretta” in Greek means “turned”. The vessel with the inscription around the edge was enclosed as if in an openwork green mesh. Unusually fragile and sophisticated, they were highly regarded in the late antique world. Continue reading

Antique Cologne (part 2)

In its best days, ancient Cologne was a big city: 20-25 thousand people lived in it. One can imagine how fast this Roman city on the Rhine grew, how temples, covered galleries-porticos, public buildings, a forum appeared in the German forests, the heart of the Roman city, how the streets were paved, heating systems were installed in houses using pipes laid under the floor- of hypocausts or bronze rovings, how sewage was diverted to the Rhine, how it was grated, equipped with shutters and glass windows of houses, how their walls were decorated with mosaics and murals, elegant furniture appeared, thin-walled dishes – in a word, in barbaric life semi-wild tribes included civilization. Continue reading

Antique Cologne (part 1)

Cologne … Many have heard of this German city on the Rhine, a major center of medieval European culture. Well-known Cologne Cathedral – an unsurpassed monument of Gothic architecture. His spiers, like gigantic petrified conifers, rush into the sky to a half meter height. The story of the building is unusual. It began to be built in 1248. In the middle of the XV century, work ceased, and only in the XIX century the construction was completed. Continue reading

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Turkmen folk costume (part 2)
Apparently, the patterns covering the collar, sleeves and hem of the dressing gowns and shirts are also associated with these ideas. For certain areas and tribal groups, special ornaments and…

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Olympia - the sanctuary of Hellas (part 2)
The ancient Greeks erected the origin of the Olympic Games to mythological times, the honor of their approval was attributed to both Zeus himself and Heracles. But these are just…

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Mexican painting of the first half of the XX century (part 1)
In the XX century, one of the most significant phenomena of world culture unexpectedly became the art of Latin America, especially Mexico. The dramatic history of this country is replete…

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Olympia - the sanctuary of Hellas (part 4)
In the building of the workshop there were altars. The disciples of Phidias received the nickname of the cleaners, as they were entrusted with the honorable duty of cleaning the…

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