How did the masters of the Italian Renaissance study (part 3)
As another example, let us trace how the creative personality of Michelangelo was formed. For thirteen years he entered the studio of the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio. At age 15, he…

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Barbizon School of Painting (part 1)
Far from the noise of the capital, French painters of the last century took a fancy to the area around the royal residence of Fontainebleau, which, since the time of…

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Antique Cologne (part 3)
But the height of perfection is the glass produced in Cologne. It is impossible to pass by glass vessels with handles in the form of the Greek letter "omega", depicting…

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Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 2)

The very name of the fraternity seemed to imply recognition of the art of Raphael’s predecessors and a denial of himself. But this is not so. The picturesque achievements of the great master were reduced by followers to the finished recipe. Rafael was involuntarily responsible for the work of later imitators, whose “high style” was distinguished by his mannerism and lack of life truth.

The Pre-Raphaelite movement began with little: the friendship of several young people, united by a desire to break out of the stuffy atmosphere of the wretched philistine art of the time of Queen Victoria and the rule of prosperous capitalists. Continue reading

Brotherhood of the Pre-Raphaelites (part 3)
The first works with the mysterious monogram "PRB" appeared at exhibitions only in 1849. These were Lorenzo and Isabella by Milles, The Virginity of Mary by Rossetti, and Rienzi Hunt.…

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Barbizon School of Painting (part 6)
The Russian critic V.V. Stasov appreciated the Barbizonians because “they did not decorate or sweeten, but conveyed the true forms of nature, the nature of Russian, French, and at the…

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Egyptian ostracons (part 3)
Ostracons often go beyond traditional motives. Among them there are drawings of a parody and satirical character. A number of plots, in which parallels to fables are guessed, are almost…

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Ordinary magic glass (part 2)
The art of the Venetian masters aroused delight and imitation. Legends were made about him. Their works were so amazing that they were considered magical: they seemed to save from…

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